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Financial Tip

Oliver Wendell Holmes, former Justice of the United States Supreme Court, once said, "Taxes are what we pay for a civilized society." Although people work hard to meet their needs and the needs of their families, there are some things they cannot purchase themselves. For example, the taxes paid to state and local jurisdictions help pay for police and fire protection. These taxes also pay for the operation of the local governments, and for local recreation areas such as parks and other public facilities.

On the national level, federal income taxes help pay for defense for the country. They also pay for capital facilities such as highways and other transportation services, and to help those who are poor or ill. These are all services that individual citizens cannot purchase the way they can buy food and clothing and the other necessities of life. When people live together in a society, all of its citizens bear the cost of providing such services. Taxes are the means by which the society raises the money to cover these public costs.

The United States Department of the Treasury has a number of fact sheets that can help people better understand the various taxes imposed in the United States. These include: Economics of Taxation explains how taxes support government services and benefit the country's citizens. Writing and Enacting Tax Legislation explains the process for developing and passing legislation into law.

In addition, Lesson 1.5 of the Yes, You Can Curriculum includes classroom examples of how taxes are collected and used by the various jurisdictions.

Source: Adapted from United States Department of the Treasury.

How to Set up Your Home-Based Business

Listen carefully and you just might hear opportunity knocking at your front door - from the inside!

Maybe you have a special talent or hobby you'd like to turn into a business. Maybe you were laid off, and you're ready to pursue the dream of working for yourself. Whatever the circumstance, a home-based business might be the perfect way to earn, or supplement, your income.

If you believe your product or service is marketable, you should take a professional approach to setting up your business. These suggestions also apply to kids who may be thinking about summer jobs or ways to earn some extra money.

Develop a plan - Put your objectives in writing. This requires that you think about issues such as finding customers, budgeting, evaluating competition, and setting up day-to-day operations. If you need financing, submitting a solid plan will be essential.

Choose your business structure - Talk to an accountant or lawyer about the tax and liability implications of setting up your business as an LLC, S Corp, C Corp or simply a sole proprietorship.

Open a business bank account - To protect personal assets and ensure that legitimate business expenses can be claimed, be scrupulous about keeping business and personal expenses separate. In addition to a business bank account, you may need a business credit card and phone line.

Establish an identity - This includes choosing a business name, developing a website, and creating business cards.

Set up your office - An unused bedroom, loft or other area away from the family hustle-bustle is ideal. Consider saving money by purchasing used office furniture and computers or, better yet, use what you already have.

Protect your assets - This includes your health. Minimally, you should consider having catastrophic health insurance (which could be a deductible expense). You may also need insurance protecting against loss of equipment or data, and an umbrella policy protecting you against liability if, for example, a client falls on your front step.

Save for retirement - If you're coming from a corporate background, you'll see that the process of contributing to an individual IRA can be different than a 401(k). Talk with your tax advisor about your retirement plan options.

Network - Connections you make may lead to new customers. One of the ways to connect with others in your industry is to join trade associations and business groups. Build your network by going to the meetings and take advantage of the programs offered to help you stay current in your industry.

Getting your home-based business off to a strong start can help ensure your long-term success.

Teachable Moments

It's not unusual for a child to want to follow their parent's career path. If they are interested in pursuing the dream of running their own business, talk to them about their career ambitions and the things they need to do today to reach their goals. Also, encourage them to see if their school offers Junior Achievement (JA). JA helps students understand the importance of entrepreneurship, financial literacy and work readiness.

At the college level, approximately 1,600 universities participate in Students in Free Enterprise (SIFE). SIFE helps students make a difference in their communities while developing skills to become socially responsible business leaders.